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The Scientific Opinion №9 (Psycho-pedagogical and philosophy of science), 2018

THE CONCEPT OF FREEDOM IN THE RUSSIAN POLITICAL AND LEGAL THOUGHT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DISCUSSION ON THE CONCEPTS OF THE “ATHENIAN SCHOOL”

R. V. Svetlov
Price: 50 руб.
 DOI: https://doi.org/10.25807/PBH.22224378.2018.11.21.29
Boris  Chicherin  is  one  of  the  most  important  representatives  of  the  19th-century 
Russian liberal philosophy of state and law. This article examines how he interprets the 
understanding of freedom known to us from the philosophy of Democritus, the sophists, 
Socrates  and  the Athenian  school  of  the  4th  century  BC. This  interpretation  is  based on the understanding of ancient society as such, where a citizen is fully owned by the state. The  highest  expression  of  this  belonging  is,  according  to  Boris  Chicherin,  the teachings of Plato and Aristotle. A special place in the analysis of ancient thought by Boris Chicherin is taken by the “casus” of the sophists and Socrates. Their concepts were contrary to this tendency, therefore they formulated understandings of freedom (as negation by the sophists, and as subordination to one’s own subjective self-cognition by Socrates) that were not accepted by the Athenian public opinion.
Key words: political philosophy, Boris Chicherin, freedom, Athenian school.
 References
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Price: 50 рублей
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