For instance: The List of VAK
About consortium subscription Contacts
(812) 4095364 Non-commercial partnership
St. Petersburg


"Humanities and Science University Journal" №10 (Physical and mathematical, biological and technical science), 2014.

Thermal FEM-Based Procedure for Design of EnergyEffi cient Underground Cable Lines

D. Klimenta, B. Perovic, M. Jevtic, J. Radosavljevic, N. Arsic
Price: 50 руб.
 The main scope of this paper is to propose a thermal FEM-based procedure to determine continuously permissible loads of underground cable lines based on the concept of effi cient electric energy transmission and elimination of the inaccuracy induced by inadequate solution domain size. The proposed procedure: (i) suggests a detailed instruction on correct electrical and thermal modeling of cable construction elements, (ii) systemizes the existing concepts for determination of the required axial
spacings between cables in trefoil formation and dimensions of the cable bedding, and (iii) includes all the knowledge arising from the former application of different FEM software solutions in the thermal analysis of underground cable lines. Standards IEC 60287 and Technical Report IEC TR 62095 served as references for the conception of the present procedure. The application of the given procedure is discussed within the example of double-circuit 110 kV cable line installed in Belgrade, Serbia.
Keywords: continuously permissible load, doublecircuit cable line, fi nite element
method, steady-state analysis, thermal design.
1. Anders, G.J. Rating of electric power cables in unfavorable thermal environment.
2005, Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 165–210.
2. de León, F. Major factors affecting cable ampacity. In IEEE Power Engineering
Society General Meeting, 2006, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
3. de León, F., & Anders, G.J. Effects of backfi lling on cable ampacity analyzed
with the fi nite element method. In IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 2009, Vol. 23,
Iss. 2, pp. 537–543.
4. Dudkin, S., Tadzhibaev, A.I., & Titkov, V.V. Thermal conditions in three-phase
cable lines of medium and high voltages, featuring plastic insulation. In 7th International Scienti fi c Symposium on Electric Power Engineering ELEKTROENERGETIKA 2013, Stara Lesna, Slovakia, September 18–20, 2013, pp. 366–369.
5. E05046 fi nal project documentation — Part II — Section 2: Calculations for 110
kV double-circuit cable line TS Belgrade 1-TS Belgrade 28 (in Serbian). 2006, ABB,
EMG and ENERGOPROJEKT-ENTEL, Belgrade, Serbia, pp. 20–35.
6. Electric cables — Calculations for current ratings — Finite element method
(Tech. Rep. IEC 62095, 1st ed.). 2003, Switzerland: International Electrotechnical
7. El-Kady, M.A. Optimization of power cable and thermal backfi ll con fi gurations.
In IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, 1982, Vol. PAS-101, Iss. 12,
pp. 4681–4688.
8. Gouda, O.E., Amer, G.M., & El Dein, A.Z. (2009, June). Effect of dry zone
formation around underground power cables on their ratings. In 20th International
Conference on Electricity Distribution 2009, Session 1, Paper 0120, Prague, Czech
9. Gouda, O.E., El Dein, A.Z., & Amer, G.M. Effect of the formation of the dry zone
around underground power cables on their ratings. IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery,
2010, 26 (2), 972–978.
10. Hays, D.F., & Curd, H.N. Heat conduction in solids: Temperature dependent
thermal conductivity. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 1968, Vol. 11,
Iss. 2, pp. 285–295.
11. Heinhold, L. Power cables and their application — Part 1 (third revised ed.).
1991. Berlin and Munich: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, pp. 322–333.
12. IEC 60287-1-1, Electric cables — Calculation of the current rating — Part 1:
Current rating equations (100% load factor) and calculation of losses — Section 1:
General (1st ed.). 1994, International Electrotechnical Commission.
13. IEC 60287-2-1, Electric cables — Calculation of the current rating — Part 2:
Thermal resistance — Section 1: Calculation of thermal resistance (1st ed.). 1994,
International Electrotechnical Commission.
14. IEC 60287-3-1, Electric cables — Calculation of the current rating — Part 3:
Sections on operating conditions — Section 1: Reference operating conditions and
selection of cable type (1st ed.). 1995, International Electrotechnical Commission.
15. IEC 60287-3-1, Electric cables — Calculation of the current rating — Part 3–1:
Sections on operating conditions — Reference operating conditions and selection of
cable type (ed. 1.1) 1999, International Electrotechnical Commission.
16. King, S.Y., & Halfter, N.A. Underground power cables (1-st ed.). 1982. London
and New York: Longman.
17. Klimenta, D., Nikolajević, S., & Sredojević, M. Controlling the thermal
environment in hot spots of buried power cables. European Transactions on Electrical
Power, 2007, Vol. 17, Iss. 5, 427–449.
18. Kocar, I., & Ertas, A. Thermal analysis for determination of current carrying
capacity of PE and XLPE insulated power cables using fi nite element method. In IEEE
MELECON, 2004, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
19. Mitchell, J.K., & Abdel-Hadi, O.N. Temperature distributions around buried
cables. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, 1979, Vol. PAS-98, Iss. 4, pp. 1158–1166.
20. Morgan, V.T. Thermal Behaviour of Electrical Conductors. 1991, Taunton,
Somerset, England: Research Studies Press Ltd., pp. 598–613.
21. Müller, G. Engineering applications of ANSYS inside Siemens AG. 2002,
22. Pourhashemi, S.A., Hao, O.J., & Chawla, R.C. An experimental and theoretical
study of the nonlinear heat conduction in dry porous media. International Journal of
Energy Research, 1999, Vol. 23, Iss. 5, pp. 389–401.
23. Sredojevic, M.R., Popovic, Dj.P., & Simic, M.D. Permissible current rating of
the investigated 110 kV underground cable line. In International Conference on Electric
Power Engineering, PowerTech 99, Budapest, Hungary.
24. Titkov, V.V. On the estimation of thermal regime of the three-phase XLPE-cable
line. Cable-News, 2009, No. 10, pp. 47–51.
25. Wang, Y., Chen, R., Lin, S., Tian, J., Li, J., & Chen, M. Calculation and analysis
of the current carrying capability of electric cable based on fi nite element method. In
IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009, Virginia
Beach, VA, USA.
26. XLPE Land Cable Systems — User's Guide Rev. 5. 2010, Retrieved December
1, 2014, from http://www02.abb.com/global/gad/gad02181.nsf/0/a8a42f36692365dcc
1257a62003101ce/$ fi le/XLPE+Land+Cable+Systems+-+User%C2%B4s+Guide.pdf.
Price: 50 рублей
To order