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Humanities and Science University Journal № 44 (Philology and Archaeology, World History, Art History), 2019

Effect of Turkmen Folk Music on Art Songs of Turkmenistan Composers

S. M. Karpova
Price: 50 руб.
The paper highlights some aspects of the infl uence of folk music on forming and 
developing the chamber vocal works by Turkmen composers (late 1940s to 1980s). 
The writer traces the ways of evolution of this modern art song culture, which has 
combined the best traditions of European music with indigenous traditions and 
sources to produce a qualitatively new art of both national and international sta-
tus. The paper examines how the elements and techniques adopted in genres of the 
professional oral tradition music penetrate into the structure of composer’s music 
as well as reveals the links between the modern Turkmen art song with the musical 
folklore and the performance of professional folk musicians, bakhshi, in particular. 
The elements of musical form creation, features of vocal melodies and ornamental 
techniques of singing as well as the timbre-instrumental specifi cs of piano texture 
are under a detailed discussion. All the above expressive resources demonstrate 
a close connection with the national musical and poetic heritage, and they are 
refl ected primarily in the practices of the bakhshis. Identifi cation of these features 
shall deepen the performance concept and contribute to the truthful interpretation 
of the vivid ethnic character of a Turkmen art song.
Keywords: Turkmen art song, music of the oral tradition, folklore, bakhshi, melody, ornaments.
1. Abubakirova N. N. Narodnye pesni Zapadnogo Turkmenistana: dis. … kand. 
iskusstvovedeniya. L., 1982. 261 s.
2. Vinogradov V. S. Muzyka Sovetskogo Vostoka. Ot Unisona k polifonii. Ocherki. 
M.: Sovetskiy kompozitor, 1968. 234 s.
3. Gullyev Sh. G. Iskusstvo turkmenskikh bakhshi. Osnovy muzykal’no-poet-
icheskogo stroeniya. Ashkhabad: Ylym, 1985. 259 s.
4. Uspenskiy V. A. Turkmenskaya muzyka: Stat’i i 115 p’yes turkmenskoy muzyki / 
pod obshch. red. V. A. Belyaeva. Ashkhabad: Turkmenistan, 1979. T. 1. 381 s.
Price: 50 рублей
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