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The Scientific Opinion №11 (Psycho-pedagogical and philosophy of science), 2017

PERSONALITY AS FREEDOM IN N. BERDYAEV’S PHILOSOPHY OF THE 1920–1930s

Yu. V. Kolesnichenko
Price: 50 руб.
The article provides an analytical representation of N. Berdyaev’s concept of personality
in the 1920–1930s. The extreme popularity of his philosophical works both in Russia
and in the Western world, the never-ending interest in his creativity is caused, first
of all, by his close attention to the phenomenon of personality, his non-stop attempt
to investigate the essence of personal being. Berdyaev’s works greatly affected the
formation of individualistic philosophy of France (E. Mounier). Being based on vast
historical data, accomplished with historical, hermeneutical, analytical, synchronic,
diachronic, ideographical and nomothetical research methods and some techniques of psycholinguistic analysis (off-text revealing), the research allows us to associate N.
Berdyaev with other philosophers of the Russian philosophical tradition whose works
were explicitly or implicitly based on the substantial whole – “personality”, understood
as “personhood”, as a basis for the ontical, concrete being.
Key words: Berdyaev, personality, freedom, being, substantiality, existentialism,
individualism, Mounier.
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